SHIFTING IN THE MEANING OF THE DEBUS PERFORMANCE SPELL: THE ISLAMIC IDENTITY OF THE BANTEN COMMUNITY

Ezik Firman Syah, Novi Anoegrajekti, Nuruddin Nuruddin

Abstract


Debus Banten performing arts has a mantra in performing its rituals and performances. These mantras are used in the Jangjawokan debus school as a diversion for the Qodriyah and Rifa'iyah sects of debus, which do not use mantras according to the early spread of Islam in their performances. The use of mantras in the Jangjawokan genre debus certainly has meaning for each recited mantra. The purpose of this study is to describe the shift in the importance of the Debus Mantra as the Islamic identity of the Banten people. This study uses the Ethnographic method of the Spradley model with the perspective of cultural studies used to explain the Islamic identity of the Banten people in understanding the meaning of the Jangjawokan mantra debus. The results showed that the discovery of the spell when the to debus performance began by using Roland Barthes' Semiotic theory in expressing the meaning of the Jangjawokan debus mantra. Even though the Jangjawokan debus used mantras in their performances, Islamic values were still embedded in the mantras when the debus performances started. The recitation of prayers in the meaning of this mantra is intended to present the saints and prophets and ask for their help to keep the debus players from harm during the performance.

Keywords


meaning, Debus Mantra, Islamic identity, Banten society

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abbas, M., Nadeem, F., & Kharal, A. A. (2021). Indigenous Semiotics in “The Transistor” by Shahnaz Bashir: Application of Roland Barthes’ Codes to Kashmiri Narrative. Pakistan Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 9(3), 565–572. https://doi.org/10.52131/pjhss.2021.0903.0161

Akbar, A., Bhatti, Z. I., Khan, Z., Anjum, S., & Ismail, N. (2021). Application of Ronald Barthes’ Five Codes on Zaib-Un-Nissa’s the Bull And the She Devil. Jahan-e-Tahqeeq, 4(2), 292–298.

Alam, S. M., Jamil, A., & Khaliq, A. (2020). A Snare in the Narrative Structure: An Exploration of Hermeneutic Code in “The Kite Runner.” Global Language Review, V(II), 23–31. https://doi.org/10.31703/glr.2020(v-ii).03

Anoegrajekti, N. et. al. (2020). Language Policy : Reinforcing the Identity of Using Community in Banyuwangi. NUSA: Linguistic Studies of Languages in and around Indonesia, 6(9), 61–80. https://doi.org/10.15026/95702

Anoegrajekti, N., Macaryus, S., Iskandar, I., Attas, S. G., Sunarti, S., & Saddhono, K. (2021). Optimization Pillars of Potential Culture and Creative Industry in Banyuwangi , East Java , Indonesia. Psychology and Education, 58(October 2020), 2025–2032.

Creswell, J. W. (2016). Research Design (Pendekatan Metode Kualitatif, Kuantitatif, dan Campuran). Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar, 4.

Dudeja, P. J. (2018). Analysis and Benefits of Chant-Less Sohum Humsa Mantra Meditation. International Journal of Yogic, Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 3(2), 198–203. www.theyogicjournal.com

Firmansyah, A., Anoegrajekti, N., Rahmat, A., Lustyantie, N., & Kasan, R. A. (2022). Documentary Film of Carita Pantun : Inheritance Form of Oral Tradition in Local Content Learning. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 18(1), 459. https://doi.org/10.52462/jlls.194

Husna, T., & Juwita, P. (2021). Analysis of Mantra Ritual Structure Reject Revolution the Community of Melayu in Pantai Labu District Deli Serdang. Sensei: International Journal of Education and Linguistics, 1(2), 292–299.

Iyer, A. (2015). Introduction: Performing arts of Indonesia: Tradition, continuity, change and the transition to the West. Contemporary Theatre Review, 11(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1080/10486800108568605

Jadoon, A., & Naqi, A. (2020). Five Codes of Barthes: A Post-structuralist Analysis of the novel The Colour of Our Skyby Amita Trasi. Sir Syed Journal of Education & Social Research, 3(1), 243–250. https://doi.org/10.36902/sjesr-vol3-iss1-2020(243-250)

Johnson, A. (2013). Buried Temples and Open Planes : Alethea Hayter and The Architecture of drug-taking in Alan Hollinghurst ’ s The Spell. Textual Practice, 27(7), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/0950236X.2013.821156

Langland, E. (2020). Nobody’s Angels: Domestic Ideology and Middle-Class Women in the Victorian Novel. PMLA (Publications of the Modern Language Association of America), 107(2), 290–304. https://doi.org/10.2307/462641

Maiello, C. (2005). Degrees of Belief in God: A Measure of Belief for Use in Cross Culture. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 8(2), 87–95. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670410001702371

Malik, W. H., Zaib, S., & Bughio, F. A. (2014). Theory into Practice : Application of Roland Barthes ’ Five Codes on Bina Shah ’ s ‘ The Optimist .’ Academic Research International, 5(5), 242–250.

Maryanti, Dewi & Syah, E. F. (2021). Nilai-Nilai Religius dalam Film Animasi Nussa dan Rara sebagai Alternatif Media Pembelajaran di SD. Jurnal Perseda : Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 4(3), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.37150/perseda.v4i3.1462

Matko, K., Sedlmeier, P., & Bringmann, H. C. (2021). Differential Effects of Ethical Education, Physical Hatha Yoga, and Mantra Meditation on Well-Being and Stress in Healthy Participants—An Experimental Single-Case Study. Frontiers in Psychology, 12(August), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.672301

Nastiti, V. G., & Syah, E. F. (2022). Psikologi Sastra dalam Cerita Anak Liburan Seru di Desa Nenek Lulu Karya Anee Rahman Sebagai Alternatif Bahan Ajar Sastra di Sekolah Dasar. Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Pendidikan, 6(1), 104–110.

Nasution, D. K. (2020). Impact of Translation Techniques and Ideology Quality Text Translation in Mantra Jamuan Laut. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(2), 1518–1529. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i2.1024

Nenitriani, S., Studi, P., Bahasa, P., & Singkawang, S. (2019). Struktur , Fungsi , dan Makna Mantra Dayak Salako di Desa Bagak Sahwa Kecamatan Singkawang Timur. Cakrawala Linguista, 2(2), 89–94.

Nuruddin, N., Budiaman, B., Ilham, A., & Haqi, A. M. (2021). The Need for Arabic Language Teaching Materials Based on Multicultural Education for Indonesian Diaspora Students. Alsinatuna, 7(1), 45–63. http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/alsinatuna/article/view/4768

Putri, N. T., Setiawati, R., & Hussain, S. (2022). Religius Value ini the Training Materials of the Rampak Bedug Dance at Sanggar Harum Sari. International Journal of Performing Arts, 1(1), 37–46. http://penajournal.com/index.php/IJPA/article/view/14/14

Ratih, R. (2016). Teori dan Aplikasi Semiotik Michael Riffaterre (p. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar).

Rohman, R. (2021). The Discourse of Sharī’Ah Implementation in Banten 1999-2015. Al Qalam, 38(1), 47. https://doi.org/10.32678/alqalam.v38i1.4177

Roihatussa, Diyah & Syah, E. F. (2022). Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Pembelajaran Powtoondalam Materi Membaca Dongeng di Kelas III SDN Cijeruk Kabupaten Serang. INNOVATIVE: Journal Of Social Science Research, 2(1), 127–132. https://doi.org/10.31004/innovative.v2i1.3746

Small, C. (2016). Children’s Fan-Play, Folklore and Participatory Culture: Harry Potter Costumes, Role-Play and Spells. Ethnologies, 38(1–2), 255–289.

Solikhah, I. (2016). Metaphors in Javanese Mantra of Kiyai Pradah Ritual Ceremony. IJOLTL: Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics, 1(2), 127. https://doi.org/10.30957/ijoltl.v1i2.90

Spradley, J. P. (2007). Metode Etnografi. Yogyakarta: PT Tara Wacana, 161–162.

Suranto, Rahmat, A., & Nuruddin. (2020). The Strategy of Teaching Speaking Through Culture. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(1), 439–449. https://ijmuu.com/index.php/ijmmu/article/view/1313

Sururi, A., Mardiana, S., & Putri, L. D. (2020). Cultural Transformation and Revitalization Identity of Banten Jawara. Humanika, 27(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.14710/humanika.v27i1.26302

Syah, E. F., & Fatonah, K. (2019). Analisis Semiotik pada Kebijakan dalam 1001 Pantun Karya John Gawa sebagai Alternatif Bahan Ajar Memproduksi Pantun di SMK. Prosiding Seminar Internasional Kebahasaan, 1(1), 1–9. http://repositori.kemdikbud.go.id/20235/26/25. Makalah Ezik.pdf

Syed, R. A. et. al. (2021). A Structuralist Study of Barthes’ Codes In Hanif’s A Case of Exploding Mangoes. Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 18(18), 1173–1186.

Tohar, V. et. a. (2007). An Alternative Approach for Personal Narrative Interpretation : The Semiotics of Roland Barthes. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 6(3), 57–70. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F160940690700600306

Trayes, J., Harré, N., & Overall, N. C. (2012). A Youth Performing Arts Experience: Psychological Experiences, Recollections, and the Desire to Do It Again. Journal of Adolescent Research, 27(2), 155–182. https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558411417867

Vidiyah, Nurul & Syah, E. F. (2021). Semiotik Roland Barthes dalam Film Animasi Entong Sebagai Implikasi Penerapan Bahan Ajar Sastra di Sekolah Dasar. Perseda, IV(3), 187–195.

Wahyuni, Maria Josef Retno Budi Wahyuni, A. P. W. & I. W. S. (2021). Roland Barthes’ Structuralist Semiological Analysis: Kayan Dayak Tribal Hand Tattoo. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 18(08), 322–335.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37905/psni.v3i0.98

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




e-ISSN: 2988-4357

PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL DAN INTERNASIONAL

HIMPUNAN SARJANA-KESUSASTRAAN INDONESIA (HISKI)

 

INDEXED BY:

Google Scholar