MITOLOGI ASAL USUL MASYARAKAT MENUI KEPULAUAN (KAJIAN EKOKRITIK)

Yunidar Yunidar, Gazali Lembah, Try Susiolo Wahyu, Moh. Tahir

Abstract


The problems of this research were (1) what is mythical the origin of Menui Kepulauan Society? And (2) Revealing the origins of Menui Kepulauan Society. This research aims to describe the mythical the origin of Menui Kepulauan Society and its relationship to the environment and to reveal the origins of Menui Kepulauan Society. This type of research was qualitative and descriptive. Data were collected through observation, interviews, documentation, listening, and recording. The results of the research show that 1). The mythological of the origin of Menui Kepulauan Society namely (a) natural myths are stories that explain natural things, such as the formation of the earth, movements of the sun and earth, stars, weather changes, etc., (b) hero myths are myths that tell of a character who becomes a hero because of his qualifications who have certain activities outside of human reasoning, and (c) historical myths are types of myths, events and historical figures that are true. true exists and happens. This type of myth is a combination of mythical stories with historical figures and events. 2). Origins of Initially, Menui Kepulauan Society was discovered by merchants and the trading fleet of the Bone kingdom, which is estimated to have been in the 14th century, on their way back and forth from the island of Maluku. Because at this time, the kingdom of Bone was conducting a trade business with the Maluku, trade relations with the Maluku kingdom also spread the religion of Islam. Trade goods from Bone were agricultural products such as rice which was exchanged for spices. Because the Menui Kepulauan was one of the most strategic places for stopovers and rest on the way back from Bone to Maluku and vice versa.


Keywords


mythology, origin of Menui kepulauan society, ecocritic studies

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.37905/psni.v3i0.100

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